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Website privacy policy

Type of information collected

We receive, collect and store any information you enter on our website or provide us in any other way. In addition, we may collect the Internet protocol (IP) address used to connect your computer to the Internet. At the time of setting up this website we did not collect any of the following information; however we reserve the right to do so in the future should the need arise for commercial purposes: login; e-mail address; password; computer and connection information and purchase history. We may use software tools to measure and collect session information, including page response times, length of visits to certain pages, page interaction information, and methods used to browse away from the page. If there exist any commercial products for sale on this site, we may also collect personally identifiable information (including name, email, password, communications); payment details (including credit card information), comments, feedback, product reviews, recommendations, and personal profile.

Collecting information

At the time of setting up this website, there were no commercial products available, however if they become available the following may apply. When you conduct a transaction on our website, as part of the process, we collect personal information you give us such as your name, address and email address. Your personal information will be used for the specific reasons stated above only.

Why do we collect information?

We collect such Non-personal and Personal Information for the following purposes:

  1. To provide and operate the Services;

  2. To provide our Users with ongoing customer assistance and technical support;

  3. To be able to contact our Visitors and Users with general or personalized service-related notices and promotional messages;

  4. To create aggregated statistical data and other aggregated and/or inferred Non-personal Information, which we or our business partners may use to provide and improve our respective services; 

  5. To comply with any applicable laws and regulations.

How do we store information?

Our website is hosted on the platform. provides us with the online platform that allows us to host this website, and if commercial goods are available, sell our products and services to you. Your data may be stored through’s data storage, databases and the general applications. They store your data on secure servers behind a firewall. All direct payment gateways offered by and used by our company adhere to the standards set by PCI-DSS as managed by the PCI Security Standards Council, which is a joint effort of brands like Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Discover. PCI-DSS requirements help ensure the secure handling of credit card information by our store and its service providers.

When might we communicate with you?

If commercial goods become available on this site, we may contact you to notify you regarding your account, to troubleshoot problems with your account, to resolve a dispute, to collect fees or monies owed, to poll your opinions through surveys or questionnaires, to send updates about our company, or as otherwise necessary to contact you to enforce our User Agreement, applicable national laws, and any agreement we may have with you. For these purposes we may contact you via email, telephone, text messages, and postal mail.

If you don’t want us to process your data anymore, please contact us at


We reserve the right to modify this privacy policy at any time, so please review it frequently. Changes and clarifications will take effect immediately upon their posting on the website. If we make material changes to this policy, we will notify you here that it has been updated, so that you are aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we use and/or disclose it. 

If you would like to: access, correct, amend or delete any personal information we have about you, you are invited to contact us at

Graphics rights policy

Most of the images and figures on this website are covered by a 'some rights reserved' copyright limitation through Creative Commons. The specific legal restrictions apply regardless of whether any Creative Commons license image is visible on the image itself. You should contact the copyright holder through if you wish to use any images on this website for commercial purposes. 

Can I use one of the figures for my student paper or blog? Yes! But read on. On some images you will see this image. This means that you are able to share the image in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit, do not use for commercial purposes, and do not modify it. Therefore you can use the image for student term papers and essays, non-commercial websites that discuss police strategies, and blog posts. An example attribution would be "Source: Jerry Ratcliffe (2018) Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders (". This link provides specific license information at Creative Commons

What if I want to use publish of the figures in a book, chapter, or journal article? For that you will have to contact Routledge's Rights and Permissions department for permission. Do not contact the author. 

Graphics policy
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